All of Unchained’s work and objectives are achieved in accordance with the UK’s Modern Slavery Act and the Human Trafficking and Exploitation (Scotland) Act 2015. Said legislation have attempted to utilise and consolidate current EU law: The Council of Europe Convention on Action Against Trafficking in Human Beings and Directive 2011/36/EU on Preventing and Combating Trafficking in Human Beings and Protecting its Victims.
An inquiry into human trafficking in Scotland was carried out in 2010 by the Equality and Human Rights Commission
The report found that:
- Human trafficking is a serious violation of human rights, and a modern form of slavery. It feeds on poverty and inequality, and it is a crime.
- Human trafficking exists throughout Scotland, with victims found not only in the sex industry, but in hotels, restaurants, farms and domestic homes.
- Human trafficking in Scotland arises from the exploitation of vulnerable victims, demand for cheap labour, and profit-driven organised crime.
- There is little public or professional awareness of trafficking and insufficient cooperation by agencies, leading to an intelligence gap on traffickers.
Recommendations from the Inquiry included:
- Scotland needs to raise awareness of trafficking issues so that individuals and agencies know what trafficking looks like, where it happens, and what to do about it.
- Agencies must share information more systematically to improve performance on gathering intelligence, successful prosecutions, and supporting victims.
- There is a case for a new Human Trafficking Act, which would address the crime of trafficking directly, and which would enable more prosecutions of traffickers.
To read the full report click on the image below.
A follow on report was published in 2013. Click on the image below to read this report: